Tag Archives: water

How Much Water Should We Store

For years, I have heard that we are suppose to store a minimum of one gallon per person for emergencies.  I have wondered where that figure came from for some time and have been doing research on the subject.  Here is a summary of what I have found.

Two-thirds of our body’s weight consists of water.  We need water for circulation, respiration and converting food to energy.  After oxygen, water is the body’s most important need.

We constantly lose water through sweat, urine and even breathing.  You must replace the water your body loses for your organs to continue to work properly. …

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The AquaRain Water Filter

For some time I have been using an AquaRain water filter and have found it to be quite satisfactory.  It is an attractive stainless steel unit that is easy to clean and will not harbor bacteria like some porous plastics.

It is approximately (assembled) 22 inches tall and 10 inches in diameter.  Its approximate shipping weight is 8-9 pounds, including filter elements.

It is available in two models:  the 200 which uses 2 elements and holds 1 1/2 gallons of water and the 400 which uses 4 elements and holds 3 gallons of water.  Its price is comparable to other similar units on the market.…

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Choosing Your Water Sources

In an emergency, you may have to consider the use of alternate water sources.  Assuming you have a functional water filter, you want to extend it’s life for as long as possible, regardless of who manufactures your system, use the cleanest water available.  If the water is dirty and contains sediment and plant debris, I would filter as much material out of the water as possible prior to running it through my filter.  This will help extend the life of my filtration system.  This can be done in many different improvised ways, some as simple as straining it thought a cloth. …

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Water Sources

What type of water sources are you planning to get drinking water from?  There are many manmade ponds and lakes located around cities, planned communities and golf courses.  I know people who feel that they can use this water.

However, many of these ponds have big lawns or exotic plants around them.  In the southwest and other parts of the country, you see trees that are not native to the area by the ponds.  These trees and lawns take a lot of maintenance.  This results in heavy use of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides, especially around golf courses.  The runoff collects in these ponds or lakes.  …

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Using Calcium Hypochlorite to Disinfect Water

Personally, I avoid the use of all chlorines whenever possible.  There are filters on my water system at home to eliminate it. I believe there are better ways of filtering or purifying water in an emergency.

But for the benefit of people who choose to use it.  The following is the EPA guidelines on using calcium hypochlorite  to disinfect water.

You can use granular calcium hypochlorite to disinfect water.
Add and dissolve one heaping teaspoon of high-test granular calcium hypochlorite (approximately ¼ ounce) for each two gallons of water, or 5 milliliters (approximately 7 grams) per 7.5 liters of water.  The mixture will produce a stock chlorine solution of approximately 500 milligrams per liter, since the calcium hypochlorite has available chlorine equal to 70 percent of its weight.  …

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A Simple and Inexpensive Water Purification Device the WAPI

A few months ago, I wrote an article called Sodis an inexpensive method of water purification.  This described a method for purifying water by using sunlight.  It uses plastic bottles manufactured from PETE or glass.  The UV light is what purifies the water.  The heat from the sun can help.  I recommend you read the article.

A new and improved method of water purification using the solar ovens and the sun has been developed by Dr. Bob Metcalf, a professor in microbiology at California State University at Sacramento.

Water Pasteurization Indicator (WAPI) is a simple thermometer that indicates when water has reached pasteurization temperature and is safe to consume. …

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The Prevention of Dehydration from Heat

With summer, starting it is important that we start to protect ourselves from heat related illnesses.  Dehydration is the most important factor leading to heat illnesses.  Water is a critical element in the body, and you must have adequate hydration for the body to function properly. The human body contains up to 75% water.

Dehydration occurs when the body loose water faster than it take it in.  The human body loses water for many reasons.

  • You lose moisture every time you take a breath
  • Sweating from exercise, you can sweat 2 quarts of water per hour.
  • Urination or bowel movements
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting

To protect yourself against dehydration in a hot environment, if hiking you should drink 1 gallon of water for every 20 miles you hike at night and 2 gallons per 20 miles during the day. …

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Storing Food and Water in a Small Home or Apartment

I recently received a request for information on how to store food and water if you live in a small house or apartment.  For a lot of people this is a real problem.  Here are a few suggestions I can make.

Bedside table

Let’s start with the bedroom, Remove the bed frame, place #10 cans on the floor a thin sheet of plywood and then your box spring and mattress.  My bed side table is a stack of food boxes covered by a cloth.   How about your closet, can you put a layer of cans on the floor and place your shoes on top of them

Boxes of food stored behind couch

The living room, side tables made from boxes of food covered with a pretty cloth and a little imagination can look quite nice. …

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The Best Way to Store Water Part 2

Now that you have decided how much water to store, how do you store it and how long is its shelf life.  In theory if you put clean drinking water into a sterile container it should store indefinitely.   In reality it is hard to meet these requirements.  The method, I use is to put tap water into clean containers (I am on a municipal water system).  I then add a small amount of chlorox, 16 drops per gallon as a safety measure.  I then seal the container.  I know the chlorox will only last from 6 months to a year, but it will destroy any bacteria in the container and as long as it is sealed from contamination the water should be good.…

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The best way to store water Part 1

For a lot of people water seems to be one of the things they have the hardest time storing.  I hear all kinds of reasons, the big one being “I don’t have the room”.

When you plan water storage, your first consideration should be how much do I need.  For just minimum survival, you need to plan on one gallon a day per person. Today you are using  in the neighborhood of 180 gallons a day, per person.

What kind of water sources would you have available if the water system in your area failed completely?  Do you know where all the water sources in your area are? …

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Posted in water purification, well | Tagged , , , , | 3 Comments