Fires are and always will be a danger, whether wildland or structure fires. When you cannot depend on the fire department what do can you do? One possible solution is the Indian Back Pump. This is a simple five-gallon pack that fits on your back. It has a short hose and a pump that will put out a decent stream of water for 20 feet or so. They come in several configurations, with either metal (galvanizes or stainless steel) or vinyl backpacks. They all hold 5 gallons of water.
They are easy to fill with a tap, hose or stream through the 2 to 4 inch opening at the top. They should have a filter located inside the opening to prevent debris from plugging the hose or pump. They are designed to be carried on your back and to suppress small fires. Indian Back Pumps or their clones are used by almost every fire department in the United States.
Indian Back Pump can be disassembled by hand for complete in-field maintenance and repair kits are easily purchased. Now these are just one of the many types of fire extinguishers that are available on the market. Here are the links to a couple of previous articles I have written on this subject. Hand Pump Fire Extinquishers What Type of Fire Extinguisher Do You need?
Now the Indian Back Pumps have some advantages over other types of extinguishers. One they require no special chemicals to refill them just use plain water. They are easy to carry on your back when outside. They can put out either a straight steam or fog pattern with just a twist of the nozzle.
In a TEOTWAWKI situation, you will probably have to use open flames fires for cooking, heating or light. This could include campfires, candles, kerosene lanterns, fireplaces and other sources of open flame. Having a portable Indian Back Pump near your fire may prevent a major disaster. I can tell you from personal experience that is amazing how much fire you can extinguish with one if you catch it soon enough. They are available on the internet and from E-Bay.