Tag Archives: hand tools

Hand Tools for Carpentry After TEOTWAWKI

Because various members of my family have construction businesses, I have had a chance to talk to some of their younger employees.  One thing that I notice was that they seem to be very dependent on battery-operated tools.  The question of how would you do your work without power tools seems to throw them.  They are completely dependent on power tools and have no real knowledge of hand tools.

A suggested set of hand tools for a carpenter

  • rip saw, (for cutting with the grain)
  • crosscut saw, (for cutting across the grain)
  • back saw,  (a backsaw is any hand saw which has a stiffening rib on the edge opposite the cutting edge, a miter saw)
  • compass saw, (a keyhole saw or coping saw)
  • jack plane, (A jack plane is the general-purpose bench plane
  • fore plane, (The fore plane is about 14″ to 18″ long and has a cutting edge with a thumbnail shape)
  • smoothing plane, (The smoothing plane is typically the last plane used on a wood surface)
  • shave or drawing knife Do You Need A Drawknife?
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A Good List of Hand Tools You Need to Work Without Electricity.

I have been reading a book on farm devices from 1909; the following list is the recommended contents for a farmer to have in his tool kit.  Notice the difference between then and today, no power tools and almost all the tools were for woodwork.  No wrenches are listed and very few screwdrivers or pliers.

  • rip saw, (for cutting with the grain)
  • crosscut saw, (for cutting across the grain)
  • back saw,  (a backsaw is any hand saw which has a stiffening rib on the edge opposite the cutting edge, a miter saw)
  • compass saw, (a keyhole saw or coping saw)
  • jack plane, (A jack plane is the general-purpose bench plane)
  • fore plane, (The fore plane is about 14″ to 18″ long and has a cutting edge with a thumbnail shape)
  • smoothing plane, (The smoothing plane is typically the last plane used on a wood surface)
  • shave or drawing knife
  • two or three chisels of different sizes for woodworking
  • cold chisel for metal
  • a gouge or two (a type of chisel)
  • a good hatchet
  • two or three hammers, including a tack hammer and a bell-faced claw hammer
  • a brace or bit stock with a set of half a dozen or more bits of different sizes  (Hand operated drills)
  • one or more gimlets  (A gimlet is a hand tool for drilling small holes, mainly in wood, without splitting , similar to an auger)
  • a mallet
  • a nail set
  • large screw driver and a small one
  • a gauge (used for measuring)
  • a spirit level ( a hand level)
  • a miter box
  • a good carpenter’s square
  • compasses or dividers
  • cut nippers (tin snips)
  • a pair of small pincers and a pair of large ones (pliers)
  • a rasp
  • a large, flat file; at least one medium-sized three-cornered file and a half-round file.
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