Improvised Autoclave, How to Make One to Sterilize Your Medical Equip.

improvised autoclave

One problem that we all face in medical situations is how to sterilize instruments and possibly homemade dressings.  One possible solution is to use a pressure cooker or canner as a improvised autoclave.

First a few words of warning there is no way that we can be sure that a pressure cooker will be as efficient as a real properly designed autoclave.  However, it may be the best thing we have.  It will be better than using boiling water.

Warning: Before you use your pressure cooker always read and follow the provided safety instructions. Improper usage of a pressure cooker may result in dangerous situations!

How to use your improvised autoclave.

improvised autoclave

Just cut off the handles to make them fit.

The way that you sterilize items in a pressure cooker is to use a combination of time and steam.  A normal autoclave will reach temperatures of 250° F.  A good All American pressure canner set for 15 lbs can achieve the same temperature.

To use the pressure cooker or canner as an autoclave you need to put a wire rack in the unit that will hold the items to be sterilized above the water.  One way to do this is to take a perforated or wire mesh, stainless steel deep frying basket upside down in the cooker to act as a shelf and keep the items to be sterilized above the water.

Steam is the main agent that does the sterilizing.  When you are sterilizing anything in a pressure cooker, it is important to ensure that those items are placed above the water that is boiling.  The goal is to expose them to pure steam.  If any or all of the items are immersed in the water then complete sterilization may not occur.

The items need to be exposed to the steam for a full 30 minutes.  This means you don’t start timing until the steam begins to vent from the pressure cooker.  When you fill the cooker, be sure not to over fill it and block the vent.

Instruments can be set directly on the racks.  If you are sterilizing homemade dressings in your improvised autoclave, you will need to dry them when they come out.  Maintain sterility as much as possible.  If possible I would probably use a solar over to dry them

Howard

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One Response to Improvised Autoclave, How to Make One to Sterilize Your Medical Equip.

  1. Dana says:

    I have to begin by saying “Thank you” for bringing up a Prep item I have long thought was grossly ignored by folks doing articles on medical supplies for Preparedness and general survival.

    I am a BIG on DIY and Self Sustaining skills and life style, I have, love and use All American canners.

    However, why would I take one of my busy AA’s out of use as a Canner when All American makes both NON-electric as well as electric Autoclaves/sterilizers?

    I got my first AA-Autoclave years ago and now have 2 the largest (surgical drapes, bandages, sick room materals….) and the smallest (surgical packs….). Whether you only use them for Vet supplies or for human care having a dedicated piece of equipment is the only way to go in health care.

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