How to Start a Beehive: A Comprehensive Guide for Beginners

As a prepper, you know the importance of self-reliance. What better way to become more self-reliant than learning how to start a beehive? Not only will you have fresh honey to eat, but you’ll also have beeswax and propolis for bartering in case of an emergency.


In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of starting your own beehive. We’ll discuss why it’s important, what you need to get started, and how to introduce your bees to the hive. So don’t wait any longer – start planning your apiary today!

Why You Should Have Your Own Beehive as a Prepper

If you’re looking for true self-reliance, one way is to start beekeeping. The honey that your bees make will easily substitute for sugar in most recipes, and it has a longer shelf life. Honey is also a great bartering item, as it’s highly valued by many people.

In addition to honey, you’ll also have access to beeswax and propolis. Beeswax can be used for making candles and propolis has antibacterial properties, making it useful for treating wounds.

Of course, keeping bees also has its own rewards. It’s a fun and rewarding hobby that will give you a new appreciation for these amazing creatures. Plus, you’ll get to enjoy the taste of fresh honey! If you’re ready to take the plunge, read on to learn how to start your own beehive.

Know Your Local Beekeeping Regulations

Before you start your beehive, it’s important to know the beekeeping regulations in your area. These regulations vary from state to state, so it’s important to do your research before getting started. In some states, you may need to register your hive with the Department of Agriculture. You may also be required to have a certain amount of land in order to keep bees.

It’s also important to be aware of the types of bees that are allowed in your state. Some states have restrictions on the importation of bees, so it’s important to check before buying bees from another state. To find out the beekeeping regulations in your area, contact your local Department of Agriculture or Extension Office.

Plan Your Apiary in Early Winter

One of the most important steps in starting a beehive is to plan your apiary. This means figuring out where you’re going to put your hives and how many hives you want to have. It’s best to do this in early winter, before the bees start their active season. That way, you’ll have plenty of time to build or buy your hives and get everything set up. Most apiaries sell their bees in the winter, so this is also a good time to order bees.

Early spring is beekeeping season, which means it’s time to get your hive set up! If you haven’t already done so, now is the time to decide where you’re going to put your hive. The location of your hive is important, as bees need a water source and plenty of flowers for nectar.

Costs to Set Up Apiary

Starting an apiary can be a bit pricey, but it’s worth it for the rewards you’ll reap. The biggest cost will be buying or building your hives. If you’re handy, you can build your own hives from scratch. This will be the cheapest option, but it will take some time and effort. You can also buy hives that are already assembled. This is the most expensive option, but it’s much easier and faster.

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In addition to the cost of the hives, you’ll also need to purchase beeswax foundation, bee feeders, a hive tool, a bee smoker, and bee brushes. You may also want to buy a bee suit and gloves for protection. All of these items can be found at your local beekeeping supply store. You will probably spend somewhere around $750 or more to start your apiary. But what you get in return will offset the initial cost.

What You Need to Get Started

Now that you’ve planned your apiary and figured out the costs, it’s time to start gathering the supplies you’ll need.


The first step is to find a suitable location for your hives. They should be in a sunny spot that’s protected from the wind. You’ll also need to make sure there’s a water source nearby, as bees need to drink water daily.

Your bees need to have flowering plants nearby because that’s where they’ll get the nectar to make honey. The plants don’t need to be on your property, as bees fly to get to their pollen, but the plants should be within a few miles of your hives. Beehives may need shade in the summer, so it’s a good idea to have some trees or shrubs nearby.

It’s also a good idea to keep your bee colony away from your neighbors, as they may not appreciate the buzzing insects. Once you’ve found the perfect spot, you’re ready to move on to the next step.

Beekeeping Equipment Needed

The next step is to gather all of the equipment you’ll need for your hive. This includes the hive itself, a hive tool, bee feeders, a bee brush, and a bee smoker.

Hive tools are important because they’re used to open the hive and remove the frames. Bee feeders give the bees sugar water when they first arrive in the hive. The bee brush is used to gently remove bees from the frames. And the bee smoker is used to calm the bees when you’re working in the hive.


Once you’ve found the perfect spot and gathered your beekeeping supplies, it’s time to start thinking about what type of hive you want to use. There are many different types of hives available, so do some research to find the one that’s right for you.

Types of hives include the Langstroth hive, top-bar hive, and Warre hive.

Langstroth hives are the most common type of hive and are very easy to use. They’re also the most expensive option. Top-bar hives are less expensive but more difficult to use. Warre hives are somewhere in between the two in terms of price and difficulty.

You will want to start with one hive as you are just learning beekeeping techniques.

Build or Buy Your Equipment?

Once you’ve decided on the type of hive you want to use, you need to decide whether you want to build it or buy it. If you’re handy, you can save some money by building your own hive. But if you’re not confident in your ability to build a hive, it’s better to buy one. There are many different places to buy hives, so do some research to find the best deal.

Other Equipment

Other equipment includes bee feeders, a bee brush, and a smoker. Bee feeders are used to give the bees sugar water or pollen patties when there’s not enough nectar available. Bee brushes are used to remove bees from the hive without harming them. Smokers are used to calm the bees when you’re working in the hive.

You can find all of this equipment at your local beekeeping supply store or online.

Protective Gear

The next step is to gather the protective gear you’ll need. This includes a beekeeping suit, gloves, and a veil. A bee suit covers your entire body and protects you from being stung, gloves protect your hands, and a veil protects your face and head.

You can find all of this equipment at your local beekeeping supply store or online.

Purchase Bees or Collect Wild Bees?

Now that you have all of the equipment you need, it’s time to decide whether you want to purchase bees or collect wild bees. There are pros and cons to both options.

Purchasing bees is the easier option. You can buy package bees or a nuc (a nucleus colony). A bee package includes bee colonies that come in a box. They include a queen bee and worker bees. A nuc is a small colony of bees that includes a queen bee and worker bees. Nucs are more expensive than package bees, but they’re easier to install in a hive.

Breeds of bees sold include Italian bees, Carniolan bees, and Russian honey bees. The easiest bee colony to purchase is the Italian bee. Italian bees are gentle and easy to work with. Carniolan bees are more difficult to work with but produce more honey. Russian honey bees are the most difficult to work with but produce the most honey. Other bees include the Buckfast bee, German black bee, and honey bees.

Queen bees are the only females in the hive that will mate with the drone bees and produce baby bees, so you need to make sure your hive has a queen bee.

If you decide to purchase bees, you need to do it in early spring. That’s when the weather is warm enough for them to survive the journey from their current location to your hive.

Collecting wild bees is the more difficult option, but it’s also more rewarding. If you choose this option, you’ll need to capture a swarm of bees. This can be done with a bee trap or by following a local beekeeper who’s collecting a swarm with a starter colony.

Once you’ve decided whether to purchase bees or collect wild bees, you’re ready to move on to the next step.

Introducing Your Bees to a Hive

The next step is to introduce your bees to their new hive. If you’ve purchased packaged bees, you need to first add the caged queen to the hive. She will have to stay in the hive for a few days to accept her new hive. Then you can add the rest of the bees and release the queen after a few days.

If you’ve collected a swarm of bees, you’ll need to add them to the hive as soon as possible. The sooner they’re in the hive, the better.

Managing Your Beehive

Once your bees are in their new hive, it’s time to start managing them. This includes inspecting the hive regularly, adding frames, and harvesting honey. Your bees will begin to produce honey within a few weeks of being in their new hive. You can begin harvesting honey as soon as the frames are full.

Performing a hive inspection regularly is important to make sure your bees are healthy and the hive is free of pests. You should do hive inspections every week during the spring and summer and every two weeks during the fall and winter.

Dead bees are a sure sign something is wrong and you may have to add sugar syrup or dust them for mites. Adding frames and more hives helps the bees to build their comb and store their honey. And harvesting honey allows you to take some of the honey for yourself while leaving enough for the bees.

Final Thoughts

Beekeeping is a rewarding hobby that can provide you with honey, wax, and other products. It’s also a great way to help the environment. With this guide, you now have all the information for beginning beekeepers.

Your beekeeping knowledge will expand when you talk to experienced beekeepers. Most experienced beekeepers are willing to help new beekeepers get started with their new beehives. You may have to contact your agricultural office or local extension to find local beekeepers.

If you have any questions about beekeeping, feel free to leave a comment below.

Happy beekeeping!

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