freeze dried

Freeze-Dried and Dehydrated Foods, Tips on Using Them

Many of us have never cooked with freeze dried or dehydrated foods and unless you have been practicing, you will become frustrated the first few times you use it.  Many think that they can just read the directions and everything will be fine, but remember you don’t know how long the emergency will last, so you have to stretch your storage to last as long as possible.  Here are a few suggestions that might help you to organize your storage and plan your menus.

Remember that you only have so many spices and herbs for seasoning your food with.  Even if you think, you have stored enough.  Seasonings lose their value after 6 months.  You will be using more to cook with, so plan on growing fresh herbs in your garden and store seeds accordingly.

First of all cooking with freeze dried and dehydrated foods, there are many brands out there and all of them are different.  Some need a lot of help when adding them to you recipes. Others not so much, but most still need some seasonings.

freeze dried
freeze dried hamburger that has been rehydrated and cooked

You can stretch a #10 can of freeze dried meats (since they are the most expensive) by using less, use the meat more like a seasoning.  Dried or dehydrated fruit is another expensive item.  We had 20-year-old apple slices that have been packed in Mylar bags, that when opened had lost some of their flavor and texture.  But I added sugar and cinnamon, plus a few other seasonings once I rehydrated them.  I mixed in a few berries added whip cream on top and it was a great cobbler.  A lot of older foods can still be used by adding seasoning or other flavorings.

To rehydrate the fruit I measured out how much I would need by putting the apple slices in the pan I was going to use and then taking out 1/4 of them. Once you add warm water they will swell up and fill in that extra room. If your berries or other fruit used is dehydrated also measure with the apple slices so that it all fits in pan. If they are fresh use less dehydrated apples slices and stir in berries after apples are ready and just before cooking.

If you’re using freeze dried meat for cooking, measure out 1 cup of meat  to 11/2 cups of warm water to rehydrate the meat and add to your recipe.  I never use a lot of meat in my recipes since the flavor is enhanced by the other vegetables and seasonings.  Shepherd Pie is really good made this way.

Hopefully you will use some of your freeze dried or dehydrated storage to practice cooking before you need too. As with any new recipe you need to make it once and then adjust the recipe and seasonings to your taste. It’s very rare that I don’t adjust a recipe.

So hopefully you will try what you have and have fun while doing it. Have an emergency meal once a month and enjoy!

Preparedness Mom

2 thoughts on “Freeze-Dried and Dehydrated Foods, Tips on Using Them”

  1. is there a difference between something that is freeze-dried or something that is dehydrated? If so, what is the difference?

  2. Dehydration is a heating process which has been used for thousands of years. The Romans would dry fruits and vegetables in “still houses” which would use a fire to dry out and smoke foods.
    Modern dehydrators circulate hot and dry air across the food to remove most of the water. The moist air is then dried so that water continues to be removed. Temperatures are high enough to remove water but not high enough to cook the food. Dehydrated food is usually withered and harder in consistency.

    The freeze-drying is a refrigeration process, which various sources attribute to arctic peoples in Siberia, the Inca Empire and Tibet. The first reliable industrial methods of sources of freeze-drying were developed during World War II to preserve blood plasma, medicines and later, food for Allied troops.

    In freeze drying the food is placed on racks inside a vacuum chamber while the ambient temperature is lowered to well below freezing and then slowly raised. Water in the food sublimes from a solid state to a gaseous state – maintaining the structure of the food and keeping its nutritional value.

    Dehydration removes at best about 90-95 percent of the moisture content while freeze drying removes 98-99 percent. Foods dehydrated at your home typically have 10 percent moisture content level while foods dehydrated industrially have a lower moisture content – which improves their shelf life.

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